Nov 19, 2012
Definition: Organizing the delivery and warehousing of supplies during natural disasters or complex emergencies to the affected area and people
Major challenges/two types of disruption: Men-made disasters, natural disasters
Why is it so important?
To describe the humanitarian logistics is to save humans’ lives by giving or providing people life-goods such as clothing, food supplies at the right time and right place when they need.
Supply network of humanitarian logistics:
Logistics providers, donors, aid agencies such as Red Cross military, governments, international organizations such as NGO
1. Uncertainty in: demand, supply, time, location
2. Limited resources: damaged infrastructure (transportation, communication, warehousing, etc), limited life supplies
3. Economic/political.social restriction in some regions
4. Costs (too expensive to keep safety stock in case of disaster)
1. Preparation: demand analysis, inventory planning and control, risk management
2. Immediate response: regional coordination and near-shoring, consolidation of donations, fulfillment managemet
3. Sustainability: humanitarian operations evaluation, business continuity plan, collaboration (long-term relationships)